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    Beliefs Have Great Influence丨探究信仰,感知信念,学习正能量!

    On hearing the word belief, the fifth-grade students had a puzzled expression on their face. What is belief? How does it affect us? Driven by these questions, they started the exploration…

    第一次在课堂上听到“信仰”二字时,五年级的学生们或感到疑惑,或感到陌生。信仰是什么?信仰对我们有何影响?带着这些疑问,小小探究者们一步步剥开“信仰”的神秘外衣,发现原来我们每个人身上都有信仰的烙印。现在就让我们去看看他们是如何探究的吧!


    Beliefs are Various and Important
    探索信仰的意义及类型

    In the tuning-in process, students shared their own understanding of “belief”. Later on, after talking with parents, they all agreed that belief stood for something that one believes in and which encourages people to pursue their life goals. Students looked for information online as well where they found out that beliefs were various: there were political belief, philosophical belief, etc…

    导入环节中,学生们通过头脑风暴,写下自己关于“信仰”的理解。回家和父母交流后,学生们发现虽然对“信仰”的含义理解不同,但大家都赞同,信仰是一种行为准则,是一个人用一生去坚持的信念。带着“什么是信仰”的疑问,孩子们上网查找信息。大家不仅找到了信仰的定义,还发现,原来信仰包括政治信仰、哲学信仰等类型。


    Feel Political Belief in Stories
    在英雄事迹中感受政治信仰

    When learning The Five Heroes on Langya Mountain, students were deeply impressed that it was the confidence in communism that gave the five heroes unlimited courage; they read the poem The Long March by Chairman Mao and were touched by the spirit of persistence and bravery of the Red Army; the joyful scene in The Founding Ceremony of the PRC instilled patriotism in students… That’s how beliefs play a significant role in the history of China. Following that, the fifth-grade held a sharing session on heroic stories.

    学完《狼牙山五壮士》,孩子们感受到,正是对共产主义的信心给了五壮士无限的勇气,这是信仰;在《七律·长征》中,红军战士无畏远征的决心和对革命的乐观态度让孩子们不禁敬佩,这也是信仰;《开国大典》里举国欢庆的场景让孩子们的爱国之情油然而生,这仍是信仰。由此,五年级还开展了英雄故事分享会,感受信仰给人们带来的影响。


    Find Philosophical Belief in Poems
    在诗歌中寻找哲学信仰

    Which kind of belief has the greatest impact on Chinese people? Students found that although they grew up in different families, they had to meet similar requirements from parents, such as respecting the elders, being polite to others, respecting the national flag, etc. Why? Do Chinese people have had these ideas since ancient times? Divided into groups, students began to study some poems of Li Bai and Du Fu and to explore their beliefs.

    哪一种信仰对中国人的影响最久远呢?学生们发现,虽然彼此成长的家庭不同,但父母们却都对自己提出过相同或相似的要求。比如,尊重长辈,不可以直呼长辈的姓名;待人有礼,见到认识的人要主动问好;热爱祖国,要尊重国旗,等等。父母们教给我们的这些道理又从何而来呢?是不是中国人自古以来就有的想法呢?要探究古人的想法,从古人的文字入手是一个好方法。于是,学生们以小组合作的方式,开始研读李白和杜甫的作品,探究二位诗人的信仰。


    They firstly studied five poems of Li Bai that were written at his different ages to feel the changes of his state of mind and to find the reasons behind the changes. Then students discussed three other poems of Li Bai and six poems of Dufu.

    老师先引导学生学习五首李白的诗词:《山中问答》、《月下独酌》、《登金陵凤凰台》、《菩萨蛮》、《陪侍郎叔游洞庭醉后三首(其三)》。这五首诗词选自李白不同的人生阶段,学生们在这五首诗中初探李白一生的心境变化及原因。接着,学生们共读研讨了李白的另外三首诗歌和杜甫的六首诗歌。


    By comparing the poems of Li Bai and Du Fu written at different stages of life, G5 found that although their living time, personal experience and writing styles differed, these two poets both demonstrated their attention on personal accomplishment, family reunion and country or even world destiny.

    通过对比李白、杜甫不同人生阶段的诗歌,五年级的学生发现,尽管生活的时期、个人经历、创作风格有所不同,但二位诗人的诗歌都反映出他们强调个人修养、重视亲情、关心国家命运且心忧天下的理念及信仰。


    Family and country thoughts in Li Bai and Du Fu’s poems represent one of the basic connotations of Chinese traditional culture, and are also an embodiment of the Book of Rites, one of the classics of Confucianism which is exactly a philosophical belief that has the longest and deepest influence in China. As the Book of Rites said, people should “cultivate the self, regulate the family, govern the state, then lead the world to peace”. Students started to set goals for themselves.

    李白和杜甫诗歌中的家国情怀是中华优秀传统文化的基本内涵之一,也体现了儒家经典《礼记·大学》中所提出的“修身齐家治国平天下”。而儒家思想也正是在中国影响时间最长、范围最广、程度最深的一种哲学信仰。随后,孩子们对自己提出“修身齐家治国平天下”的要求,在心中默默埋下高远志向的种子。


    In this Unit, students got to understand what beliefs are and how they influence people and society.

    学生们在第一单元的探究中了解了何为信仰,又一步步感知自己作为中国人所坚持的理念与原则。“信仰”这一探究单元结束了,但五年级学生践行“修身齐家治国平天下”这一信念的脚步还会继续。


    Easter Egg 隐藏的彩蛋

    A group prepared a surprise in their presentation. They adapted one Du Fu’s eight-line poem with five words into an eight-line poem with seven words and won the applause of the whole class. Students even began to write poems. Some of them adapted the original ones, and some created their own poems. Since they have never learnt eight-line poem with seven words before, they call their poems an “Easter egg”.

    当诗歌研读接近尾声时,有一个小组在汇报中提出他们准备了一个“彩蛋”。原来,他们把杜甫的五律《旅夜书怀》改编成了一首七律,当即收获满堂彩。学生们由此开始自己写古体诗,既有模仿、也有改编,还有创作。对于还没有在语文课上系统学习过七言律诗的五年级学生来说,这确实是一个意外的收获。

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